In this multidisciplinary concentration, you explore Latin American and Latino cultures and societies, and take related humanities and social studies courses. You can study in a Latin American country, use your skills in internships, and cap your studies with senior research. The concentration provides the foundation for graduate school or an array of careers with Latin American connections, such as law, business, social justice, education, and translation.
Latin American Studies (LAS)
Grinnell, IA -
Release update 8-29-12
Grinnell College's Rosenfield Program in Public Affairs, International Relations, and Human Rights will host athree-day symposium, Sept. 11-13,* to discuss "Who Should Teach Our Children? Education and Democracy Worldwide."
The Office of the President and the Grinnell College Department of Education are co-sponsoring this symposium. Jean Ketter, professor of education, explains, "We have invited speakers who will provide different perspectives on teacher preparation and alternatives to traditional teacher prep programs. Our goal is to create a critical conversation centered on the current debate about teacher preparation and teacher quality in Iowa, the U.S., and internationally."
To build on that point, Sarah Purcell, director of the Rosenfield Program, said, "The liberal arts have something to contribute to this political debate about teacher certification and quality. This symposium will raise questions that need to be considered in looking at the future of educational systems in an ever-globalizing world. It will also allow students interested in pursuing careers in education to hear the stories and experiences of those in the field."
The three-day * symposium will include the following free, public events to be held in Room 101 of the Joe Rosenfield '25 Center on the Grinnell campus (unless otherwise noted):
- Tues., Sept. 11, noon *: "Education and Democracy Worldwide," a teaching panel, will feature two members of the Grinnell College faculty, as well as one alumnus. Jean Ketter, professor of education, George Drake, professor emeritus of history, Kesho Scott, associate professor of sociology, and Dan Covino, a 2010 Grinnell graduate and Grinnell High School teacher, will open the symposium. Lunch will be provided.
- Tues., Sept. 11, 4:15 p.m.: Jason Glass, director of the Iowa Department of Education, will discuss "Building a World-Class Education System for Iowa." Under Glass' leadership, the Department of Education has set goals to focus on the values of demonstrating courageous leadership, promoting innovation in education, and acting as a servant to schools and communities in Iowa.
- Tues., Sept. 11, 8 p.m.: Jim Wyckoff, Curry Memorial professor of education and policy, will present "Preparing Effective Teachers." Wyckoff has done extensive research on education policy and directs the Education Policy Ph.D. program and the Center on Education Policy and Workforce Competitiveness.
- Wed., Sept. 12, noon: Suzanne M. Wilson, a university distinguished professor, chair of the department of teacher education and director of the College of Education's Center for the Scholarship of Teaching at Michigan State University, will lead a Scholars' Convocation titled "The Wild World of Teacher Preparation: Evolution or Revolution?"
- Wed., Sept. 12, 4:15 p.m.: Helen Claire Sievers, executive director, WorldTeach, will discuss "Teaching in Developing Countries: Why Do It?" WorldTeach partners with governments and other organizations to provide volunteer teachers in developing countries.
- Wed., Sept. 12, 8 p.m.: "Social Justice Starts in the Classroom: Teach For America's Approach to Ending Educational Inequity," led by Lindsey Ciochina, senior managing director of Midwest recruiting at Teach for America.
- Thurs., Sept. 13, 4:15 p.m.: A post-graduate teaching and service fair on the 2nd floor of the Joe Rosenfield '25 Center will provide an opportunity for students to learn about Teach For America, the Peace Corps, Grinnell's Teaching Certification Program, MAT Programs, and others.
- Thurs., Sept. 13, 5 p.m.: A reception and round-table discussion of insights from the symposium will include Paul Hutchison, assistant professor of education; Deborah Gallagher, University of Northern Iowa; and Kevin Seney, Grinnell High School principal.
For more information about the September education symposium, contact Sarah Purcell, email@example.com, 641-269-3091. Grinnell welcomes and encourages the participation of people with disabilities. Information on parking and accessibility is available on the college website. Accommodation requests may be made to Conference Operations at 641-269-3235 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
* Date and time for "Education and Democracy Worldwide" has changed from Mon., Sept. 10, 4:15 p.m. to Tues., Sept. 11, noon, making the symposium three days instead of four.
Grinnell, IA -
More than 100 original drawings by Civil War era artist-reporters will be on display at Grinnell College's Faulconer Gallery, opening Aug. 31. "Civil War Era Drawings from the Becker Collection," a travelling exhibition from Boston College's McMullen Museum of Art, includes hundreds of drawings by Joseph Becker and his colleagues, 19th-century artists who worked as artist-reporters for "Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper," observing, drawing and sending back for publication images from the camps and battlefields of the Civil War.
"These artist-reporters were the embedded journalists of their day. Joseph Becker was one of these artists, and his collection of historical art had gone unnoticed until first shown in 2009," said Daniel Strong, associate director of the gallery and curator of exhibitions. "Engagement with the college curriculum is also one of our objectives, and this show lends itself well to engaging with faculty and students, as well as those interested in early American history." For example, Civil War historian and Grinnell faculty member Sarah Purcell will teach a fall semester senior seminar that will require students to interpret pieces from the exhibition, culminating with presentations by the students discussing their conclusions.
Faulconer Gallery will host the following public events related to the Civil War drawings:
- Fri., Aug. 31, 4:15-6 p.m.: Opening reception, refreshments will be served.
- Sat., Sept. 15, noon-5 p.m.: Community Day with a living history camp presentation by the Sons of Union Veterans on the lawn just north of the Faulconer Gallery. Families can also enjoy Civil War era games, hands-on activities, refreshments and tour the exhibition.
- Thurs., Sept. 20, 4:15 p.m.: "Seeing Corpses: Death and Visual Culture during the U.S. Civil War," a gallery talk by Associate Professor of History Sarah Purcell whose scholarship focuses on the meanings of death in Civil War. Purcell will discuss how the spectacle of death helped to shape the political and social meanings of the Civil War through photographs, print culture, material culture, ephemera, paintings, and other visual forms.
- Sat., Sept. 29, 2 p.m.: Grinnell Orchestra, under the direction of Eric McIntyre, associate professor of music, presents a concert of Civil War-related music, with tenor Michael Oxley singing popular songs from the era.
- Tues., Oct. 2, 4:15 p.m.: Gallery talk by curator Judith Bookbinder of the McMullen Museum. Bookbinder will talk about the exhibition and the Becker Collection at Boston College.
- Mondays and Thursdays, Sept. 6-Oct. 11, 12:15 p.m.: Yoga in the gallery with Monica St. Angelo, for beginners and experienced practitioners. Mats provided. Co-sponsored by Faulconer Gallery and Live Well Grinnell.
"Civil War Era Drawings from the Becker Collection" is open Aug. 31 through Oct. 14 during regular gallery hours: Tuesday through Sunday, 12 to 5 p.m.; open Thurs. and Fri. until 8 p.m.; closed Monday. For more information about the exhibition and related programs, call 641-269-4660or visit www.grinnell.edu/faulconergallery.
Grinnell, IA -
Science and technology historian James R. Fleming will discuss his recent book, “Fixing the Sky: The Checkered History of Weather and Climate Control,” at a Grinnell College Scholars’ Convocation on Thurs., Apr. 5 at 11 a.m. in Room 101 of the Joe Rosenfield ’25 Center on the Grinnell campus.
“Fixing the Sky” has drawn attention for its chronology of man vs. nature attempts at climate control, the latest in geoengineering. Fleming studied astronomy and atmospheric science before earning a Ph.D. in history at Princeton. A professor of science, technology and society at Colby College in Maine, his teaching bridges the sciences and humanities, with research interests in the history of geophysical sciences.
Fleming was elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2003 for his “pioneering studies on the history of meteorology and climate change,” and is the founder and first president of the International Commission on History of Meteorology.
Fleming’s Grinnell lecture is part of the college’s ongoing Scholars’ Convocation series. Grinnell welcomes the participation of people with disabilities. Information on parking and accessibility is available on the college website. Accommodation requests may be made to Conference Operations at 641-269-3235 or email@example.com.
Grinnell, IA - Grinnell College’s Rosenfield Program in Public Affairs, International Relations and Human Rights will sponsor a Feb. 21-23 symposium on the global financial crisis with professionals from the Federal Reserve, Standard & Poor’s, the Washington Post, and academia.
Sarah Purcell, director of the Rosenfield Program, said the symposium topic continues to be of great interest and concern, “as our students look for jobs, in an election year, and as the intensity evolves from day to day.
“The global finance issue touches all three of our program areas―public affairs, international relations, and human rights―, and we are very fortunate to have experts joining us who can address these from their vantage point in the financial world,” Purcell added, noting that one of the key speakers is Grinnell graduate John Chambers who chairs the S&P’s sovereign rating committee.
The symposium will include the following free, public events to be held in Room 101 of the Joe Rosenfield ’25 Center on the Grinnell campus:
• Tues., Feb. 21, 8 p.m.: John Chambers, managing director of Standard & Poor’s and a 1977 Grinnell graduate, will reflect on the crisis in the European Union with ”Dislocations in the Euroarea. A fiscal or external problem?”
• Wed., Feb. 22, 4:15 p.m.: “Picking Up (and Rearranging) the Pieces: Global Financial Governance After the Great Recession,” will be the focus of a talk by Mark Copelovitch, assistant professor of political science and public affairs at the University of Wisconsin. Copelovitch teaches courses about the international political economy, and in 2010 published a book on the International Monetary Fund.
• Wed., Feb. 22, 8 p.m.: A screening of “Inside Job,” an Academy Award-winning documentary about the 2008 global economic crisis with interviews from financial insiders in the U.S., China, England, France, Iceland, and Singapore, will be co-sponsored by the campus Cultural Films Committee.
• Thurs., Feb. 23, 11 a.m.: Washington Post business and economics columnist Steven Pearlstein will deliver the Scholars’ Convocation on “The Crisis is Over. Now Comes the Hard Part.” Pearlstein received the Pulitzer Prize in 2008 for commentary that anticipated and interpreted the recession. He is also the Clarence J. Robinson Professor of Public and International Affairs at George Mason University.
• Thurs., Feb. 23, 4:15 p.m.: Federal Reserve economist Elizabeth Laderman will close the symposium with “The Financial Crisis and Lending in Low-Income Neighborhoods.” Laderman, a 1980 Grinnell graduate, works for the Federal Reserve’s San Francisco region.
For more information about the symposium, contact Sarah Purcell,firstname.lastname@example.org, 641-269-3091. Grinnell welcomes the participation of people with disabilities. Information on parking and accessibility is available on the college website. Accommodation requests may be made to Conference Operations at 641-269-3235 or email@example.com.
Grinnell, IA -
Grinnell College today named the winners of the first Grinnell College Young Innovator for Social Justice Prize: Boris Bulayev, president, and Eric Glustrom, executive director, Educate! (shared award); James Kofi Annan, executive director, Challenging Heights; and Rabbi Melissa Weintraub, co-founder and co-executive director, Encounter.
The Grinnell Prize, which received more than 1,000 nominations from 66 countries, honors individuals under the age of 40 who have demonstrated leadership in their fields and who show creativity, commitment and extraordinary accomplishment in effecting positive social change. Each winning entry receives $100,000, half to the individual(s) and half to an organization the winner(s) designates for a total of $300,000 awarded this year in prize monies. The inauguration of Grinnell College's 13th president Raynard S. Kington, M.D., Ph.D. marks a transition point for the college. The prize commemorates the occasion and celebrates Grinnell’s historical and future commitment to positive social change.
“The winners of the Grinnell College Young Innovator for Social Justice Prize are outstanding examples of people who saw a huge social need and then worked creatively to meet that need and make the world a better place,” Kington said. “Since its founding, Grinnell has encouraged students to use their knowledge and their abilities to serve the common good. Boris, Eric, James and Melissa exemplify this core Grinnellian value, and their stories and achievements will inspire students at Grinnell and around the world.”
The pool of nominees for the Grinnell Prize spanned a diverse array of social issues, including hunger relief, disaster relief and accountability, childhood education, economic development and the environment, literacy, community-produced news, youth arts, fair housing, violence prevention, immigration, GLBTQ, restorative justice, public access to healthcare delivery, children’s mental health, urban agriculture and global peace, among many others.
Details of Grinnell College Prize winners are as follows:
Glustrom started Educate! at the age of 17 after filming a refugee settlement in Uganda for a documentary. Bulayev became involved while both were attending Amherst College. Today, both have built Educate! to empower 1,400 youth across Uganda, where over half of the population is under the age of 15. Their organization provides social entrepreneurship training, long-term mentorship and access to capital to help youth create and lead solutions to poverty, disease, violence, environmental degradation and the highest youth unemployment rate in the world.
The government of Uganda recently asked Educate! to incorporate its social entrepreneurship course into the national education system. It will reach 45,000 youth annually and be the world’s first national social entrepreneurship curriculum.
A survivor of child trafficking, Annan established Challenging Heights to provide education and rehabilitation for children who have returned from slavery and horrific forms of child labor.
From the age of six to 13, he worked as a child fisherman in more than 20 villages before he finally escaped and returned to his home. At the time he could neither read nor write, but he befriended kindergartners so that he could use their schoolbooks and teach himself to read. He worked to feed himself and pay for school. Annan later rose to become a university graduate and manager at Barclays Bank of Ghana. In April 2007, he resigned from the bank to devote his full-time efforts to promote the mission of Challenging Heights – his multi-faceted approach includes addressing the root cause of child trafficking by providing education, health and advocacy programs for formerly enslaved and vulnerable children and their families.
Weintraub co-founded an organization training Jewish leadership to help resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by providing Jewish leaders with firsthand exposure to Palestinian narratives and realities on the ground. Encounter’s flagship program has brought more than 1,000 influential Jewish leaders on trips to Palestinian cities, representing the only significant non-military Jewish presence in Palestinian areas of the West Bank in the last decade. Encounter’s target audience—rising and prominent leaders, opinion-shapers and decision-makers—have wide-ranging constituencies, and therefore access to hundreds of thousands of hearts and minds. Melissa’s bold, transformative approach stresses civil discourse across political divides within the Jewish community, attracting "unusual suspects," supporting influential leaders on the right and left to gain a more nuanced understanding of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and accordingly, to reshape their funding priorities, advocacy efforts, and policy decision-making.
On October 26 and 27, 2011, the winners will visit the campus to participate in the Grinnell College Young Innovator for Social Justice Prize Symposium and awards ceremony. Through public lectures and interactions with students, they will share their experiences and perspectives in shaping innovative programs that effect positive social change. In addition, Morris Dees, the founder of the Southern Poverty Law Center and noted civil rights lawyer, will be the keynote speaker at the symposium.
Grinnell College is a nationally recognized, private, four-year, liberal arts college located in Grinnell, Iowa. Founded in 1846, Grinnell enrolls 1,600 students from all 50 states and from as many international countries in more than 26 major fields, interdisciplinary concentrations and pre-professional programs.
Grinnell, IA -
Three Grinnell College students have been awarded prestigious Watson Fellowships for one year of independent study and travel abroad.
The three Grinnell seniors were among only 40 students from 23 colleges nationwide to receive the $25,000 fellowships from the Thomas J. Watson Foundation: Natalie Ngoc Truong, a political science and English double major from Davenport, Ia.; Alex Reich, a biology major from Mahtomedi, Minn.; and Courtney Sheehan, an independent major in visual culture from Ohio.
The Watson Fellowship Program offers college graduates of unusual promise a year of independent exploration and travel outside of the U.S. to foster effective participation in the world community. Since 2000, 17 Grinnell students have won Watson Fellowships; not since 1991 have three Grinnell seniors won in one year.
Truong plans to study speechwriting in the governments of India, South Africa, Vietnam, and Australia, comparing how politicians in each country advance their political goals and help construct their nation’s images through words. “With the Watson, I want to explore how politicians in democracies and non-democracies use symbolic language in speeches to reinforce values and power,” Truong said. “I will study in countries with stark current issues, cultural beliefs, and nationalistic tendencies and see how they relate to the context, appeal, and style of speeches given in those societies.”
Truong has written for several of Iowa’s politicians and assisted with speechwriting in the Office of First Lady Michelle Obama last summer. Her other Grinnell activities include political organizing in Iowa’s Asian American communities.
Reich will use the Watson Fellowship to work with environmental research and cultural organizations in Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Greenland, and Russia. “I am eager to gain insights into the impact of climate change on traditional food systems,” Reich said, “so I will assist scientists as well as community activism groups in the Arctic with indigenous health initiatives and food security projects.”
As a Grinnell student, Reich co-founded EcoHouse, a sustainable living student residence; coordinated a local foods effort and community garden; and participated in cross country and track. He plans to work in science policy to promote effective social solutions to environmental issues.
Sheehan plans to use the Watson Fellowship to study the politics of film festivals in Croatia, India, Russia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the Netherlands. At Grinnell, Sheehan has been heavily involved in programming for the campus films committee, filmmaking camps for children, and reviewing films for the student newspaper. She also completed internships with the Boston Jewish Film Festival, the Children’s Film Festival in Seattle, and a film magazine.
“My Watson project stems from my constant desire to approach film from new angles and directions,” Sheehan said. “The film festivals in each country represent distinctive political contexts, and I will draw on my past experience with festivals in the U.S. to volunteer at these international festivals.”
Grinnell College is a nationally recognized, private, four year, liberal arts college located in Grinnell, Iowa. Founded in 1846, Grinnell enrolls 1,600 students from all 50 states and from as many international countries in more than 26 major fields, interdisciplinary concentrations, and pre-professional programs.
Grinnell, IA -
Eleven Grinnell area organizations will benefit from more than $30,000 in grant support from the Grinnell College Mini-Grant Program for arts, educational and community initiatives.
“We increased both the maximum grant amount and the total grant funds available from the program this year so we were better able to meet community needs,” said Monica Chavez-Silva, director of community enhancement and engagement. The maximum award increased to $7,500 for the annual mini-grant program, which has, since 2002, funded more than $131,000 in small-to mid-scale projects for the Grinnell area.
Traditionally, the grants review committee has been comprised of faculty, staff and Grinnell College students from the local area. This year, the review committee, led by Chavez-Silva, added two community members, Rick Ramsey and Monique McLay Shore.
Of the 25 proposals submitted, the volunteer committee designated full or partial funding to the following projects this spring: Drake Community Library for electronic book service; Grinnell Area Arts Council for computer and office equipment; Grinnell Area Chamber of Commerce for website development; Grinnell Big Brothers Big Sisters for activities to support mentor matches; Grinnell Community Daycare and Preschool for a school bus; Grinnell Little League for field upgrades; Grinnell Parks and Recreation Department to improve Arbor Lake shelters; Grinnell Police Department for patrol bicycles; Grinnell Regional Medical Center for electronic records wireless access; PALS animal shelter for insulated pet doors; and Poweshiek County Fair Association for campground improvements.
For more information about the mini-grant program, contact Chavez-Silva at 641-269-3900,firstname.lastname@example.org, or visit the website: http://www.grinnell.edu/Offices/communityenhance/minigrant. - 30 -
Grinnell, IA -
The Grinnell College Board of Trustees recently approved the promotion of faculty members to new ranks for the 2011-12 academic year:
• Promoted to associate professor with tenure: Keith Brouhle (economics); Brigittine French (anthropology); and Lee Emma Running (art). Background information about these newly tenured faculty members is attached.
• Promoted to associate professor: Heather Benning (physical education) and Brian Jaworski (physical education). Background information about these faculty promotions is attached.
• Moving from active teaching to senior faculty status: Gail Bonath (library).
• Moving from senior faculty status to professors emeriti: Michael Cavanagh (English); Charles Duke (physics); Diane Robertson (biology); and Bruce Voyles (biology).
Grinnell College is a nationally recognized, private, four-year, liberal arts college located in Grinnell, Iowa. Founded in 1846, Grinnell enrolls 1,600 students from all 50 states and from as many international countries in more than 26 major fields, interdisciplinary concentrations, and pre-professional programs.
Background information for tenure promotions:
Keith R. Brouhle, associate professor of economics. B.A., Grinnell College; M.S., Ph.D., University of Illinois.
Keith Brouhle joined the economics department in 2005, after serving as assistant professor at the University of Alberta. Brouhle is a noted innovator in the use of teaching technologies, including interactive “games” and concrete applications to reinforce abstract concepts. His primary area of scholarship is empirical environmental economics, and his work has appeared in a range of well-respected journals in his field. His additional interest is the influence of voluntary programs on the environmental behavior of firms in the United States and Canada. On campus, Brouhle has been a member of the Rosenfield Committee, the campus plan update task force, the admissions board, and committees for scholarship, faculty recruiting, the environmental studies and policy studies concentrations, and the Social Studies Division for technology and pedagogy. At a national level, he is a reviewer for eight scholarly journals in economics.
Brigittine French, associate professor of anthropology. B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa. Brigittine French came to Grinnell in 2003 as a Mellon postdoctoral fellow in linguistic anthropology. French’s research is focused on the relation between language and political power; specifically, language and ideology, nationalism, and the role of language in the formation of ethnic identity. She has worked in both Guatemala and Ireland on these issues and on the constructions of gender expectation through linguistic discourse. Her book, “Maya Ethnolinguistic Identity: Violence, Cultural Rights, and Modernity in Highland Guatemala,” was published in 2010 by the University of Arizona Press. French has served as chair of the linguistics concentration and the Peace Studies program, and on the teacher education committee, the admission board, and the Watson Fellowship committee. Nationally, she was elected to a two-year term as social science representative to the executive board of the American Conference for Irish Studies, and is chair of the James F. Donnelly Prize for Outstanding Book in the Social Sciences.
Lee Emma Running, associate professor of art. B.F.A., Pratt Institute; M.S., M.F.A., University of Iowa.
Lee Emma Running joined the studio art faculty at Grinnell in 2005 from the University of Iowa, where she was a lecturer and sculpture research assistant. She teaches classes in drawing and sculpture at all levels, as well as a new introduction to studio art she helped design. In her scholarly work, Running engages in both individual and group projects, typically in the form of drawings and installations. She has shown her work at many nationally recognized galleries and recently signed a long-term contract with Olson Larsen Galleries in West Des Moines. She is also engaged in fulfilling a public art commission for the Grinnell Regional Medical Center. In addition to her solo work, she is a member of The Moving Crew Artist Collective, a group of international artists who develop collaborative projects that engage ideas of community, movement and transformation. Running has served on the Expanding Knowledge Initiative advisory board, the convocation and public events committees, and has been active in the early career faculty group.
Background information for promotions to associate professor:
Heather Benning, associate professor of physical education. B.A., Grinnell College, M.A., University of Iowa.
Heather Benning has been a member of the physical education staff in a variety of capacities since her Grinnell graduation in 1996. She became head women’s soccer coach in 1998, was assistant track coach from 2000 to 2007, and became assistant professor in 2001. In 2002, she was named senior woman administrator for the athletics program, and since 2007, she has also been assistant athletic director. Benning was named Midwest Conference Coach of the Year in 2006; her teams have been conference champions four times, appeared in NCAA national tournaments four times, and since 2003, have been named All-Academic teams every year by the National Soccer Coaches Association of America. She recently published a peer-reviewed article in Soccer Journal, as part of a series authored by prominent international coaches. Benning has an extensive record of committee service for the NCAA and Title IX Committee of the National Association of Collegiate Woman. Locally, she has served as faculty advisor to the Stonewall Resource Center, and on committees for student life, President’s Medal selection, accessibility, college hearing board, and health services.
Brian J. Jaworski, associate professor of physical education. B.A., DePauw University, M.Ed., Indiana State University.
Brian Jaworski joined the Grinnell faculty in 2004 after an extensive coaching career in Indiana. He serves as head coach for men’s soccer and golf, and was previously assistant track coach. Jaworski was named Midwest Conference Coach of the Year in 2009, the same year the men’s soccer team won the conference and qualified for NCAA nationals for the first time in the college’s history. His soccer teams have been consistently recognized as National Soccer Coaches Association of American Academic Teams. He is the author of several highly regarded articles on coaching technique. Since 2005, Jaworski has been the director of the college’s summer sports camp, and he is in demand as a leader of soccer clinics around the state. He has been a member of the college’s hearing board and currently serves on the judicial committee, while serving as NCAA representative for the Midwest Regional Golf Committee.
GRINNELL, IA— Two Grinnell College alumni have been awarded Joseph F. Wall Alumni Service Awards of $25,000 each for service projects in their selected non-profit organizations.
The Wall Alumni Service Awards are named for the late Joseph F. Wall, a Grinnell College alumnus and long-time professor of history who inspired an ideal of social responsibility in his Grinnell students. The awards provide financial support for Grinnell graduates to engage in service projects, programs, and organizations that are dedicated to improving the lives of others.