Jennifer Snook

Jennifer Snook

Offices, Departments, or Centers: Sociology ,

I was born and grew up in Germany as an Army brat. I spent most of my childhood there, but after traveling the U.S., I consider Colorado my home. I received my B.A. from the University of Augusta, in Georgia while my dad was stationed at Fort Gordon. I moved to Colorado and received my Ph.D. from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2008. While there, I developed a love and a passion for teaching. In 2005, I moved to Oxford, MS  to teach at the University of Mississippi.

Living in Colorado helped me develop an intense appreciation for the outdoors. I have spent the last few summers backpacking in places like Iceland and Alaska. Next time I’ll go somewhere warm!


In graduate school, my dissertation took me into the field to study “Heathenry”, pre-Christian Northern European paganism. I spent a great few years hanging out with Heathens in their homes, at rituals, in interviews, at coffee shops, and at retreats in the mountains, collecting data and making friends. I realized that how we do Heathenry varies from coast to coast, and their friendships with other Heathens, memberships in organizations, use of the internet and mode of participation influences their myriad versions, understandings, and Heathen practices. I also realized, over time, that people’s religious interpretations were intimately connected with their socio-political contexts and beliefs, and how various ideological assumptions influence their beliefs on how Heathenry should be practiced, or who can practice it. My resulting book, published by Temple University Press, is a study of the relationship between individual and collective identity. Heathenry, like all religions, is an expression of “the political” at the same time that it offers a competing worldview to participants embedded in various postmodern contexts. At one level, it examines the meaning of gender, race, and ethnicity within Heathenry. At the same time, I explore how heathens interpret, take on, and modify these meanings in the everyday practice of their chosen beliefs, and how these beliefs and practices have sociopolitical implications and consequences for Heathens and other practitioners of new religious movements. I investigate how individual practitioners accommodate to and resist the lore of an ancient religion that has no living authority, and how practitioners negotiate and struggle to maintain collective identity in the face of structural pressures, political ideology, and both mainstream and alternative religious definitions. In addition, I examined the essential role of the internet in reviving and popularizing Heathenry. Thus, at the broadest level, my project sheds important light on the co-constitutive relationships between people and culture, self and society. It examines the strain between distinctiveness and sociocultural influences that are both vital aspects of a person’s identity. See more here, at American Heathens: The Politics of Identity in a Pagan Religious Movement



SOC 111: Introduction to Sociology

SOC 250: Sociology of Religion

SOC 295: Witches, Druids & Heathens 

SOC 295: Animals & Society



Snook J., Horrell T., Horton K.. Heathens in the United States: The Return to “Tribes” in the Construction of a Peoplehood. In: Rountree K. (eds) Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism, and Modern Paganism. Palgrave Studies in New Religions and Alternative Spiritualities. Palgrave Macmillan, New York (2017)

American Heathens: The Politics of Identity in a Pagan Religious Movement. Temple University Press (2015.)

“Reconsidering Heathenry: The Construction of an Ethnic Folkway as Religio-ethnic Identity,” Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions 16.3 (February 2013): 52-76

We use cookies to enable essential services and functionality on our site, enhance your user experience, provide better service through personalized content, collect data on how visitors interact with our site, and enable advertising services.

To accept the use of cookies and continue on to the site, click "I Agree." For more information about our use of cookies and how to opt out, please refer to our website privacy policy.